We already know the difference between indica and sativa strains, however there is another cannabis sub species called ruderalis. The name ‘ruderalis’ came from the term “ruderal” given to wild plant species which are the first to colonized a land, disturbed by natural and human activities. Categorized as a third type of cannabis, botanists are currently unsure whether Cannabis Ruderalis actually qualifies as a cannabis species.
Cannabis Ruderalis Origins
Cannabis Ruderalis is a variety of Cannabis that is native in parts of Russia, Eastern and Central Europe. Some say that it is its own species because of its uniqueness and phenotypes that distinguish it from Sativa and Indica.
Cannabis Ruderalis was first named by a Russian botanist in 1924. The term ruderalis came from the Latin word rūdera, plural of rūdus, which means lump, rubble or a piece of rough bronze. A species that is ruderal refers to any type of plant that colonizes a land after removing a competition that starts with its disturbance to their ecosystem. Cannabis ruderalis was initially identified in the southern part of Siberia, but this plant has also grown in the wild areas of Russia. The Russian botanist was doing a study and researching wild Cannabis and had stumbled upon a third unknown species. Cannabis ruderalis is a more resilient variety also grown in the Himalayas and the Southern states of the former Soviet Union described as a more “weedy” growth.
Due to Cannabis ruderalis’ ability to transition from the vegetative to flowering stages only by age and not through a cycle of light exposure like a photoperiod strain. This is nowadays bred with Sativa or Indica strains creating an autoflowering hybrid cannabis strain. The result plus the plant’s resilience and hardiness make it a more sought-after and highly favorable strain to growers, cultivators and users alike. Furthermore, the autoflowering trait is very beneficial in growing as this allows multiple harvests in a single season in turn providing greater yields. All these additional features while keeping the medicinal effects of Sativa and Indica makes this variety a very powerful plant.
Cannabis Ruderalis Effects
In its pure form, Cannabis ruderalis is not something that you would normally see in a dispensary. So the people who can enjoy it would only be those who grow it themselves. Ruderalis is known to have effects that have no significant “high” due to low levels of THC content and higher levels of CBD. This is the main reason why recreational users tend to overlook this variety. On the other hand, because of its high CBD content, it makes excellent cannabis for medical uses. Especially for those patients who are seeking benefits brought by the CBD compound without getting the psychoactive effects. Marijuana with high CBD is usually prescribed to people with insomnia or anxiety due to its calming and relaxing effects.
Today, Cannabis ruderalis is being bred with a Sativa or Indica variety creating hybrids of all sorts. This has allowed the most popular Sativa and Indica strains available today who are highly preferred by recreational and medical users to become hybrids that take the Cannabis ruderalis’ traits of faster growth, autoflowering and hardiness plus tagging along with their certain amounts of the two compounds they identify with originally which is THC and CBD. With this breakthrough, the possibilities are endless and so are every combination of effects it brings.
Cannabis ruderalis Adverse-Effects
Most often than not, Cannabis is associated with positive and beneficial effects but the reality is some undesired effects do exist.
- dry mouth
- increased heart rate
- dry eyes
- low blood pressure
The majority of these are linked with the THC compound and not the CBD or the rest of the cannabinoids present. However, any cannabis product can cause side effects.
The method of consumption can cause risks for adverse effects as well.
An example would be, vaping or smoking can cause an irritation to your airways that leads to coughing and dryness of the throat. Oral preparations, like cookies or gummies are not likely to have a similar effect and will not be probable cause specifically on issues in the respiratory system. But, the effect may also not be as strong and will be felt more slowly.